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Emanuel Lasker

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Born: December 24, 1868 in Berlinchen, Prussia (now Poland)

Died: January 11, 1941 in New York City

Playing Style and Legacy:

In his time, Lasker was seen as a "psychological" player, who played inferior moves to throw his opponents off. However, this assessment is probably incorrect; Lasker was simply pragmatic, and would play moves that violated general principles if he felt they were appropriate for the given position.

Lasker held the World Chess Championship for longer than any other player in history. His long stretch of dominant play finds him near the top of most lists of the all-time greatest chess players.

World Championship Matches:

1894: Defeated Wilhelm Steinitz 12-7 (+10 -5 =4) to become the second Classical World Chess Champion

1896-1897: Defeated Wilhelm Steinitz 12.5-4.5 (+10 -2 =5) to retain World Chess Championship

1907: Defeated Frank Marshall 11.5-3.5 (+8 =7) to retain World Chess Championship

1908: Defeated Siegbert Tarrasch 10.5-5.5 (+8 -3 =5) to retain World Chess Championship

1910: Drew Carl Schlechter 5-5 (+1 -1 =8) to retain World Chess Championship

1910: Defeated David Janowski 9.5-1.5 (+8 =3) to retain World Chess Championship

1921: Lost to José Raúl Capablanca 9-5 (-4 =10); Capablanca becomes World Chess Champion

Notable Accomplishments:

  • Won New York 1893 tournament with perfect 13/13 score
  • Won Nuremberg 1896 tournament with 13.5/18 score
  • Won London 1899 tournament (23.5/28)
  • Won Paris 1900 tournament (14.5/16)
  • Shared first at St. Petersburg 1909 with Akiba Rubinstein (14.5/18)
  • Won St. Petersburg 1914 (13.5/18)
  • Won New York 1924 (16/20)

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